Old Lights v. New Lights
When First Presbyterian Church on Market near 2nd Street became overcrowded with Scotch-Irish immigrants, a Third church was founded in 1768. Rotating clergy from First and Second churches supplied the pulpit. First church was Old Light or anti-Awakening. Second church was New Light and pro-Awakening. What would Third church become? Called as its minister in 1771, Rev. George Duffield, a New Light, found himself locked out of his new parish by Old Lights and a magistrate. New Lights soon remedied the situation paving the way for Duffield’s 19-year ministry. During the Revolution, John Adams was among his congregants. Duffield also served as a chaplain of the Continental Congress.
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